Sif is one of the lesser-known goddesses in Norse mythology, but she is still an important figure. She is often depicted as a goddess of fertility, family, and the harvest, and is known for her long golden hair.
Sif is most commonly associated with Thor, the god of thunder, as his wife. They had two children together, Magni and Modi. Her relationship with Thor was said to be strong, and Sif was known for her devotion and loyalty to her husband.
One of the most famous stories involving Sif in Norse mythology involves Loki, the trickster god. In this story, Loki cuts off Sif's golden hair as a prank, which causes Thor to become angry and threaten to kill Loki if he does not fix the situation. Loki then goes to the dwarves, who craft a new set of hair for Sif out of pure gold. This new hair is said to be even more beautiful than her original hair, and grows on her head like natural hair.
Sif is also associated with the goddess Idun, who was responsible for guarding the apples of eternal youth that gave the gods their longevity. In some myths, Sif is said to have helped Thor and the other gods retrieve Idun and her apples after she was kidnapped by the giant Thiazi.
In addition to her association with fertility and family, Sif is also sometimes considered a goddess of the earth and nature. Her golden hair is seen as a symbol of the harvest, and she is sometimes invoked by those seeking a bountiful harvest or protection for their crops.
Sif is mentioned in several Old Norse poems, including the Poetic Edda and the Prose Edda. In the Poetic Edda, Sif is referred to as the "companion" of Thor, and is described as having "radiant hair." (Völuspá, stanza 27) In the Prose Edda, Sif is described as a "goodly and gracious goddess," and is said to be "fertile and of great bounty." (Gylfaginning, chapter 31)
Overall, Sif is a powerful and important goddess in Norse mythology, who is associated with fertility, family, loyalty, and beauty. Her long golden hair is one of her most iconic attributes, and her devotion to Thor is a testament to the strength of their relationship.
Sif is mentioned in several Old Norse poems, including the Poetic Edda and the Prose Edda:
Völuspá - In this poem, Sif is referred to as the "companion" of Thor and is described as having "radiant hair." (Stanza 27)
Skáldskaparmál - This section of the Prose Edda discusses the art of poetry and includes a reference to Sif as the wife of Thor. (Chapter 4)
Gylfaginning - In this section of the Prose Edda, Sif is described as a "goodly and gracious goddess," and is said to be "fertile and of great bounty." (Chapter 31)
Hárbarðsljóð - In this poem, Sif is mentioned as the wife of Thor. (Stanza 35)
Lokasenna - In this poem, Loki insults Sif by mentioning her past relationship with his own son, Nari. (Stanza 28)
Þrymskviða - This poem tells the story of Thor's hammer being stolen by the giant Thrym, and includes a reference to Sif as Thor's wife. (Stanza 15)
Hymiskviða - In this poem, Sif is mentioned as the wife of Thor. (Stanza 5)
Vafþrúðnismál - In this poem, Sif is referred to as the wife of Thor. (Stanza 51)
Overall, Sif is mentioned in various Norse myths and poems as the wife of Thor, a goddess of fertility and harvest, and a symbol of loyalty and devotion. Her long golden hair is often a prominent aspect of her character and is associated with the abundance of the earth.